Charles Amadeus, Duke of Nemours

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Charles Amadeus
Duke of Nemours
Born(1624-04-12)12 April 1624
Paris, France
Died30 July 1652(1652-07-30) (aged 28)
Paris, France
Notre Dame d'Annecy, Annecy
SpouseÉlisabeth de Bourbon
IssueMarie Jeanne, Duchess of Savoy
Marie Françoise, Queen of Portugal
HouseSavoy (Nemours branch)
FatherHenri of Savoy, Duc de Nemours
MotherAnne of Lorraine
ReligionRoman Catholic

Charles Amadeus of Savoy (French: Charles-Amédée de Savoie, French pronunciation: [ʃaʁl amede savwa]), Duke of Nemours (12 April 1624 – 30 July 1652) was a French military leader and magnate. He was the father of the penultimate Duchess of Savoy and of a Queen of Portugal.[1]


He was the son of Henri of Savoy, 3rd Duke of Nemours (1572-1632) and Anne of Lorraine and the younger brother of Louis of Savoy, who died in 1641.[2]

Charles Amadeus served in the Army of Flanders in 1645, and in the following year commanded the light cavalry at the siege of Kortrijk. In 1652 he took part in the war of the Fronde, and fought at Bleneau and at the Faubourg St Antoine, where he was wounded.[3]

On 11 July 1643 he married, at the Louvre, Élisabeth de Bourbon, Mademoiselle de Vendôme, the daughter of César, Duke of Vendôme, the legitimised son of King Henry IV of France by his mistress, Gabrielle d'Estrées. Her mother was the wealthy heiress, Françoise de Lorraine (1592–1669), the daughter of Philippe Emmanuel, Duke of Mercœur.

Charles Amadeus had several children: two daughters, three sons and a stillborn child of unrecorded gender. Only his two daughters survived him;

Charles Amadeus was killed by his brother-in-law, François de Bourbon, Duke of Beaufort in a duel in 1652.[4][5] He was buried at the Notre Dame d'Annecy[citation needed] in Annecy, the capital of the Genevois, of which the Dukes of Nemours were also counts. Charles Amadeus' brother Henri, who had been archbishop of Reims, withdrew from orders in order to succeed him in the title of Duke of Nemours.[2]



  1. ^ Noble Strategies in an Early Modern Small State Page 64 Charles T. Lipp – 2011 "... marriages, notable among them one to Marie Mancini, niece of Cardinal Mazarin, and one to Marie-Jeanne-Baptiste de Savoie, daughter of Charles Amédée of Savoy, Duke de Nemours, a project that advanced quite far."
  2. ^ a b c d Oresko 2004, p. 18.
  3. ^  One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Nemours, Lords and Dukes of, s.v. Charles Amadeus". Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 19 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 370.
  4. ^ Oresko 2004, p. 17.
  5. ^ Anne Commire, Deborah Klezmer Women in world history: a biographical encyclopedia Volume 10 - Page 388- 2001 "Born Marie de Savoie-Nemours on June 21, 1646; died on December 27, 1683; daughter of Charles Amedee of Savoy (who was killed in a celebrated duel with his brother-in-law, Francois de Vendome, duke of Beaufort).. "
  • Oresko, Robert (2004). "Maria Giovanna Battista of Savoy (1644-1724): daughter, consort, and Regent of Savoy". In Campbell Orr, Clarissa (ed.). Queenship in Europe 1660-1815: The Role of the Consort. Cambridge University Press. pp. 16–55. ISBN 0-521-81422-7.
French nobility
Preceded by Duke of Nemours
Succeeded by